Written by: Health specialists

what is Dermatology?

It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects.

Dermatology is a field of medicine dealing with treating mucous membrane, nail, hair as well as skin disorders. It is a specialty that handles surgical as well as medical elements.  The largest body organ is the skin which is the first line of defense against bacteria along with injury and usually reflects overall health. For a person to practice dermatology, they must be certified by a dermatology body; thus, one must be licensed to practice medicine and pass the required exams. Not to mention, in this branch of medicine, there are various specialties as outlined below. 

Cosmetic Dermatology

The treatment is aimed at boosting the appearance of the nails, hair together with the skin although it is worth noting that the procedures involved are for beautification but not a crucial aspect of maintaining good health. Furthermore, the Botox and Dysport assist in minimizing the muscle movement that leads to different types of wrinkles; hence, creating a smooth, beautiful and youthful appearance. Additionally, the skin resurfacing helps in stimulating the development of collagen that results in skin improvement. Also, CoolSculpting is another practice that uses the approved options for butt, thighs, and abdomen. Next, the dermal fillers in the form of injectables that prevents the wrinkles, plumps the cheeks and shapes the lips. Moreover, the laser resurfacing involves all types of laser therapies ranging from light resurfacing to acne treatment among others. Another specialty is the vein treatment which makes the varicose and spider veins smoothen. The last cosmetic dermatology option is laser hair removal from the bikini line, underarm, arm, leg, and face. The advantage of the laser is it targets the affected areas precisely and does not damage the surrounding skin.


Immunodermatology is the study of the skin as an immunity organ. These areas researches on these key diseases. Firstly, atopic dermatitis, which is characterized by scaly rashes, oozing, redness, severe itching. The non-contagious disease can worsen if one is exposed to cleaning products, perfumes, and heavy fragrances. It is worth noting that eczema is a hereditary disease that is likely to affect people with a family history of allergic maladies; for instance, asthma. Not to mention, the treatment of eczema entails prescription topical creams, systemic medications. Over-the-counter products and phototherapy. Secondly, psoriasis is a non-contagious skin condition that fastens the life cycle of the skin cells; hence, the cells build up rapidly on the skin surface forming red patches, painful scales, and itchiness. The malady normally affects these body parts: under the breasts, genitals, nails, feet, hands, face and scalp. Not to mention, there are five main types of psoriasis namely erythrodermic, pustular, guttate, plaque along with inverse psoriasis.

Pediatric Dermatologists

The pediatric dermatologists deal with numerous issues linked to skin infection that affects the neonatal and children. The study is key because the children’s skin is sensitive; hence, needs extra care as well as proper attention. The dermatologists handle the disorders that are usually acquired or genetic or mild or severe. Moreover, the skin conditions are common in children namely alopecia areata, acne, atopic and contact dermatitis together with birthmarks. Also, these diseases usually affect the children’s nails, hair, skin among others.


Dermatopathology is a field of medicine that usually deals with surgical pathology that focuses on the research of cutaneous maladies at a microscopic and molecular level. The specialists deal with causes together with the effects of diseases related to skin conditions. Furthermore, the skin conditions are recognized based on their behavior, distributions, anatomic and appearances. However, these criteria are not a conclusive diagnosis; hence, a skin biopsy is usually taken with the aid of a microscope. The skin biopsy reveals the histology of the malady and results in a diagnostic interpretation.

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