Vaccination is one of the best and most effective ways used to prevent diseases and helps the body’s immune system to recognize and fight germs like viruses or bacteria. It has helped to prevent many deaths which are caused by many deadly diseases.
History of vaccination:
Vaccination was started late in the 18th century. It was first invented by Edward Jenner in the year 1796 to protect against smallpox. He used materials form cowpox to provide protection against smallpox During those times smallpox used to be the common disease throughout the world and about 30% of the infected persons died from the disease. The method Edward underwent medical and technological changes over the next 200 years and eventually resulted in the eradication of smallpox. In 1885 Louise Pasteur further developed the technique vaccine method to protect against anthrax and rabies. Early 20th century first half, other recommended vaccines were developed to protect against pertussis, diphtheria, and tetanus. Later the three vaccines were combined in 1948 to form DTP. In the 20th century the second half, more vaccination was introduced and recommended to protect against Polio, measles, mumps, rubella, Adenovirus, and varicella. In the 1970s smallpox vaccine was eliminated because of the eradication effort and was no longer recommended after 1972. In the 1980s more vaccinations were developed such as the vaccine for Haemophilus influenzae type b which was licensed in 1985 and place on the recommended schedule in 1989 and vaccine for hepatitis B which was recommended in 1994.
Importance of Vaccination
- It ensures that children are protected from preventable diseases hence makes them healthy.
- It provides immunity against infectious and life-threatening diseases.
- Vaccination makes the body of child strong and enough to fight against certain infectious diseases.
- It helps to prevent the outbreak of preventable diseases which may occur.
- It is safe and effective since all vaccine has undergone long and careful review by scientist, doctors and the federal government.
- Vaccination protects other people you care like family memebers, friends, grandparents, and coworkers.
- It protect the spread of diseases to other young children who are too young to be vaccinated or to the people with weak immune systems.
- Vaccinations against diseases such as pneumococcal diseases, influenza, and chicken fox is important for adults to avoid unnecessary suffering.
- Vaccination is the cornerstone of preventive medicine.
- Vaccination has completely eradicated various infectious and deadly diseases.
Common vaccinated diseases includes:
It is a viral disease that affects the muscles of children especially when they are young. One can get the virus by coming to contact with a sick person feces. It was one of the feared diseases in the 20th century since it can cause brain infection, paralysis, and even death.
It is an airborne disease that affects the respiratory system which includes lungs and breathing tubes. It can cause pneumonia, brain swelling, and even death if one is not vaccinated.
It is a bacterial disease that causes lockjaw, breathing problems, muscle spasms paralysis and even death. Most of the bacterias are found in soil, dust, and manure.
It is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus that affects the liver. Adults spread it through sex or sharing of needles. It can lead to liver cancer disease which is deadly if it is not vaccinated.
It is a disease that affects the nose, lungs, and throat. One can the virus from the air or by using things a sick person was using through touching them.
Most recently vaccinated
In December 2018 FDA has approved new vaccination to immunize children against Diptheria, tetanus, pertussis or whooping cough, hepatitis B, Polio, and invasive diseases.